nagasaki day

Nagasaki Day 2023 commemorates the devastation of Japan’s second atomic strike. This year also marks the 78th anniversary of the Nagasaki bombing.

nagasaki day

Nagasaki Day 2023: Three days after the Hiroshima explosion, the United States launched the second nuclear weapon, dubbed “Fat Man,” on the Nagasaki region of Japan on August 9, 1945. Nagasaki Day, also known as the Nagasaki Peace Memorial Ceremony, has been observed yearly on August 9. The day recalls the heinous atomic bombardment by the United States during WWII.

The Bombing of Nagasaki

Nagasaki, which translates to “long cape city,” is the capital and largest city on Japan’s Kyushu island. And the atomic bombs shocked the Japanese people physically, emotionally, and financially, leading to the surrender and conclusion of World War II. According to a History Channel broadcast, “Hiroshima’s devastation did not prompt an immediate Japanese surrender, and on August 9 Major Charles Sweeney flew another B-29 bomber, Bockscar, from Tinian.” The bomb, which was more powerful than the one used at Hiroshima, weighed about 10,000 pounds and was designed to cause a 22-kiloton blast.

The atomic assault killed 40,000 to 80,000 people immediately, and the total number of casualties increased over time owing to the consequences of radiation exposure. It is claimed that the ‘Fat Man’ bomb was far more powerful, complicated, and massive than the one detonated on Hiroshima.

Nagasaki Day 2023: Importance

Every year, Japanese people commemorate Nagasaki Day to memorialise the fallen warriors and their valour. The day acts as a call to action for global peace and disarmament. Various activities and ceremonies are held in Nagasaki and around the world to promote nuclear non-proliferation efforts. As it is critical to raise public awareness about the horrifying impacts of nuclear weapons and to renew our resolve to avoid similar disasters in the future.

Nagasaki Day 2023: Bombing Facts

  • The Plutonium Bomb used in the Nagasaki nuclear strike was dubbed ‘Fat Man.’
    Nuclear bomb codenames ‘Fat Man’ and ‘Little Boy’ were inspired by John Houston’s 1941 film The Maltese Falcon.
  • The Nagasaki bombing killed roughly 20% of the city’s population, or 60,000-80,000 individuals.
  • Nagasaki was not on the first US list. However, it was eventually changed with Kyoto due to then-US Secretary of War General Stimson’s fondness for Japan’s old capital city.
  • Hibakusha is a phrase used to describe the survivors of Japan’s nuclear assault.
  • A park called Nagasaki Peace Park was established near the hypocenter of the blast.
  • Nagasaki Day triggered international talks about nuclear disarmament and the importance of avoiding its use in the future.
  • Nagasaki Day triggered international talks about nuclear disarmament and the importance of avoiding its use in the future. As a result of the events in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was drafted in 1968.

Finally, Nagasaki Day serves as a reminder of the devastating consequences of nuclear weapons and the necessity to eliminate their use. The day also emphasises the necessity of national and international efforts and actions to avoid similar mishaps in the future.

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